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    英语听力

    听力入门英语演讲VOA慢速英语美文听力教程英语新闻名校课程听力节目影视听力英语视频

    研究:音乐能显著改善早产儿的大脑发育

    kira86 于2019-06-04发布 l 已有人浏览
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    全球每年约有1500万早产儿,而早产可能会从多方面导致早产儿的发育出现问题。科学研究证明,音乐可以改善早产儿大脑发育情况。
      小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

    Music May Orchestrate Better Brain Connectivity in Preterm Infants

    音乐可以更好地调节早产儿的大脑连接

    Fifteen million babies are born prematurely every year, worldwide. In some cases, the early births can be life-threatening… or cause developmental issues."They have more attention deficit difficulties. They can have a higher risk of having autism. And in general socio-emotional regulation issues." Petra Hüppi, a pediatrician and neonatologist at the University Hospital of Geneva.Now, she and her colleagues have evidence that a simple tool could help those preterm babies' brains develop: music. <> But before you cue the Amadeus,

    全球每年约有1500万早产儿。在某些情况下,早产可能会危及婴儿的生命或导致婴儿的发育出现问题。“早产儿更有可能有注意力缺陷方面的问题;早产儿患自闭症的风险更高;并且一般的社会情绪调节能力也可能有障碍。日内瓦大学医院的儿科医生和新生儿学家佩特拉·胡皮表示到。但是现在,她和她的同事有证据表明,一个简单的工具可以促进早产儿的大脑发育,这个工具就是音乐。但在你要求播放《莫扎特传》之前,(我还有话说):

    When I thought about Mozart, I thought this is a very complex musical structure and I could hardly imagine that such an immature brain would be able to fully capture the complexity of Mozart.

    “当我想到莫扎特的音乐时,我认为这是一个非常复杂的音乐结构,我无法想象如此不成熟的大脑能完全捕捉莫扎特(音乐)的复杂性。”

    So instead, she recruited the harpist Andreas Vollenweider, who worked with neonatal nurses to determine which sounds would most stimulate infants' brains. He then composed a suite of three eight-minute-long tracks, which the nurses played to 20 preterm babies, using wireless headphones embedded in little baby caps. Each baby heard five tracks a week for six weeks on average.

    于是她招募了竖琴师安德烈亚斯·沃伦威尔德,由他和新生儿护士合作,来确定哪种声音最能刺激婴儿的大脑。然后,他创作了一套由三首8分钟长的乐章组成的组曲,用嵌在婴儿帽子里的无线耳机由护士播放给20名早产儿听。在六周内,每个婴儿平均每周听五首曲目。

    Then, Hüppi's team used MRIs to visualize activity in the babies' brains. And they found that preemies who listened to tunes had brain networks that more closely resembled those of full-term babies, compared to their counterparts who didn't get the treatment. The music listeners had greater connectivity among brain regions, such as areas involved in sensory and higher-order cognitive functions--indicating that music listening might have enduring effects on brain development.

    然后,胡皮的团队使用核磁共振成像来观察婴儿大脑的活动。他们发现,与没有接受治疗的早产儿相比,听音乐的早产儿的大脑连接网络更接近足月婴儿的大脑连接网络。听音乐的早产儿大脑区域之间联系更强,比如涉及感官和高级认知功能的区域——这表明听音乐可能对大脑发育有持久的影响。

    The details are in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

    详情刊登在《美国国家科学院院刊》上。

    Of course, many questions still remain. “How much should they listen to that? Was the music given in the right way? Would it be much better if it was something more lively than recorded music? Was it too simple? Could it be more complex?"But Hüppi said one thing parents can already do is sing to their children. Plus, she said, it doesn't really matter if you can carry a tune.

    当然,仍然还有很多问题。比如“他们应该听多久呢?播放音乐的方式是否正确?如果换成更生动的音乐而不是录制的音乐效果会更好吗?选择的音乐是不是太简单了?要不要选更复杂的音乐?”等等。但是胡皮表示,父母已经能做的一件事就是自己唱歌给孩子听。另外,她补充道,走不走调并不重要。

    小e英语Jewel翻译!

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